Pigs may not fly, but it appears as though the PIIGS are doing just that.
I am referring to the countries in Europe whose economies several years ago looked like such basket cases that they might be forced out of the European Union and/or lead to the EU’s dissolution: Portugal; Italy; Ireland; Greece, and Spain (PIIGS). Over the past 12 months, their stock markets on average have outperformed the S&P 500
— as you can see from the accompanying chart.
Particularly noteworthy is the performance of equities in Greece — the country whose economy was arguably in the worst shape of any of the PIIGS. Over the past 12 months, the Global X MSCI Greece ETF
has gained about 35% — more than double the return of the S&P 500
These results come as a surprise not just because the PIIGS had looked so bleak. It’s also noteworthy because the U.S. market for years has outperformed its rivals in almost every region of the world. As a result, many U.S. investors have become complacent, in effect forgetting that international stock markets don’t always lag Wall Street.
Might the tide be turning? If so, this shift would be supported by the fundamentals. This is perhaps best illustrated by the Cyclically-Adjusted P/E Ratio, or CAPE, the valuation metric made famous by Yale University finance professor (and Nobel laureate) Robert Shiller. To be sure, as is the case for almost all other valuation measures, the CAPE does not do a particularly good job forecasting returns over the subsequent year. But, researchers have found, its record at forecasting subsequent 10-year returns is impressive.
The table below shows recent CAPE ratios for the U.S. and those of other regions around the world:
CAPE as of 9/30/2019 (per Star Capital)
As you can see from the table, U.S. equities are more richly valued than any other region — in some cases much more. In fact, among individual countries, only two have higher CAPE ratios than the U.S. This does not bode well for the relative performance of U.S. equities over the next decade.
Note carefully that you can’t wriggle out from underneath this ominous conclusion by arguing that CAPE ratios today deserve to be higher than many decades ago. Many in the U.S. use this argument to dismiss comparisons of the current U.S. CAPE to those in earlier decades of the country’s history. But the table doesn’t compare CAPEs across time; they instead are comparing across countries and regions.
To be sure, for a number of years now the U.S. CAPE has been one of the highest in the world, and so far it has successfully resisted the gravitational pull of its high valuation. Take a column I wrote in April 2014 about an ETF that was divided between the 11 countries with the lowest CAPE ratios: The Cambria Global Value ETF
. Since that column appeared, this ETF has produced an annualized return of just 0.6%, according to FactSet — far lower than the 11.1% annualized comparable return of the S&P 500.
But the disappointing return over the past five years of the countries with the lowest CAPE ratios doesn’t mean that these countries will lag forever — unless valuations no longer matter. The last time I heard people argue that valuations are irrelevant was the top of the internet bubble, and we all know what happened next.
Other factors also could play a role in international stock markets’ relative strength in coming years. A number of them were recently outlined by Lisa Shalett, chief investment officer at Morgan Stanley Wealth Management. In the firm’s Global Investment Committee Weekly newsletter dated Oct. 21, Shalett noted:
- The U.S. dollar may be entering a period of weakness relative to foreign currencies. That’s because interest rates in other countries are already negative and can’t go much lower, while “the Fed still has room to slash rates.” Any weakening of the dollar, of course, would be a “tailwind for U.S. investors in non-U.S. markets.”
- Though many economies outside the U.S. appear already to be in a recession, “the rate of change in deterioration is lessening.” This in turn means that “the worst may already be discounted.”
- When the economy begins to turn up, the return from investing in non-U.S. markets could be huge. That’s because “non-U.S. markets are inherently more cyclical in their composition and thus operationally more leveraged to improvements in global growth.”
- Pessimism has reached an extreme. “Hedge funds’ net exposure to Europe is close to an all-time low and European equity funds have seen the longest period of outflows in history.”
None of this amounts to a guarantee that the tide has turned in favor of non-U.S. equities, of course. Recent years have seen many predictions that the tide was turning and, so far, they have all proven to be wrong.
But U.S. equities won’t forever outperform those of the rest of the world, and relative valuations are now even more favorable for non-U.S. equities. So don’t be surprised if you look back a year or two from now and see that 2019 was a turning point.
Mark Hulbert is a regular contributor to MarketWatch. His Hulbert Ratings tracks investment newsletters that pay a flat fee to be audited. He can be reached at email@example.com
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